Bitwise Algorithm to Find the Number Occurring with Odd Frequency
We have explored the bitwise algorithm to find the only number occuring odd number of times in a given set of numbers. We have used the XOR operator to solve this problem in O(N) time complexity in contrast to the native algorithm which takes O(N^2) time complexity. The space complexity is constant.
Maximise XOR of a given integer with a number from the given range
Given q queries each of specifies three integers x, l, r. We have to find an integer from given range [l, r] inclusive, such that it gives maximum XOR with x. All values are assumed to be positive. We will show two ways to solve this interesting problem.
Exploring The Game of Nim
Nim is a mathematical game of strategy in which two players take turns removing objects from distinct heaps. The key to the theory of the game is the binary digital sum of the heap sizes "exclusive or" (xor). It is called the nim-sum. Find implementations of winning strategy and applications