Computer History on 12th February


Everyday of the year is filled with one of the greatest events in Computer History. 11 th February is one such that and lead to the development of the current state of computing. You should feel lucky to witness this day.

Major events in Computer History that took place on 12 th February are:

  • 1954: Philip Zimmerman was born (Encryption behind Emails)
  • 1948: Raymond Kurzweil was born (OCR)
  • 1921: Kathleen Antonelli was born (ENIAC)

To understand the significance of the events, read on:

1954: Philip Zimmerman was born (Encryption behind Emails)

Philip Zimmerman was born on this day: 12th February 1954. He is a Computer Scientist and is, widely, known for:

  • PGP (Pretty Good Privacy)
  • Contributions to VoIP encryption protocols
  • Founder of Silent Circle

Pretty Good Privacy (PGP) is an encryption software that Philip developed in 1991 and is the most widely used encryption software in Emails till date. This contribution made emails more secure and is a strong reason behind the widely use of email today. He developed this while he was working at Symantec.

He has kept his focus on encryption and to make Internet more secure. As a result, he made huge contributions to VoIP protocol development and is one of the major developers behind it. He went on to run his own firm which he named Silent Circle.

He received several awards some of which are:

  • 50 most influential people on the Internet (1995) by Newsweek
  • Top 10 Innovators in E-business (2000) by InfoWorld
  • Top 50 Tech Visionaries of the last 50 years (2008) by PC World
  • Internet Hall of Fame (2012) by the Internet Society

1948: Raymond Kurzweil was born (OCR)

Raymond Kurzweil was born on this day: 12th February 1948. He is considered one of the greatest technology inventors in USA. He has been working at Google since 2012 as a Director of Engineering. He has written 5 best selling (in USA) books.

He is widely known as:

  • Creator of OCR (optical character recognition)
  • Contributor to Speech recognition technologies
  • Supporter of extending human capability using Technology

He won several awards including:

  • National Medal of Technology and Innovation (1999) (Highest Technology award in USA)
  • National Inventors Hall of Fame (2002)
  • One of 16 Revolutionaries who made America by PBS

1921: Kathleen Antonelli was born (ENIAC)

Kathleen Antonelli was born on this day: 12th February 1921 and is widely known as being one of the six programmers behind ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer), World's first general purpose computer. She passed way on 20th April 2006.

Her contributions are significant as she developed the first computer when the idea of computing was being formed and programming was a rare and hard to acquire skill.

She happens to be the wife of John Mauchly who is the designer of ENIAC and several other computers and is also, referred as the inventor of Binary Search algorithm.

She is widely known as:

  • One of the creators of ENIAC
  • Inventor of Subroutine

One of her contributions that is widely ignored is subroutine. She was the first to formulate the idea of subroutines which was later, recognized by her co-workers while building ENIAC. She was one of the earliest Software Designers.

Some of the prestigious awards she received are:

  • Women in Technology International Hall of Fame (1997)

Kathleen's contributions have been significant both in the development of Computer Systems and in Programming design.

If you are born on this day (12 February), you should be proud and happy as such great people in Computer Science like Kathleen Antonelli, Raymond Kurzweil and Philip Zimmerman were born.

Ue Kiao

Researcher at TaoBao | B. Sc in Computer Science at National Taiwan University, PhD at Tokyo Institute of Technology

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