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#pragma omp parallel [explained with example]

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In this article, we have explored the concept of the OpenMP directive #pragma omp parallel along with C++ code examples.

Table of contents:

  1. pragma omp parallel
  2. When to use omp parallel?

Pre-requisite:

pragma omp parallel

By default, one thread is assigned to a program during execution which is known as master thread.

Team is a group of threads available to the program execution. Initially, it has one thread that is the master thread. At the end of the execution, the program will have one thread that is the same master thread.

In between, master thread can be split into multiple threads which can be used within the program by different code segments to run in parallel.

This process of increasing the number of threads in Team is done when this OpenMP directive is defined.

#pragma omp parallel

Following is a C++ code example using pragma omp parallel:

#include <stdio.h>
int main() {
  #pragma omp parallel
  {
      int x = 1;
      int y = x + 2;
      printf("Hello\n");
  }
  return 0;
}

Compile and run this C++ code as follows:

gcc -o code code.cpp -fopenmp
./code

When to use omp parallel?

One should use this OpenMP directive as follows:

  • Add this OpenMP directive "pragma omp parallel" in your program to create a new team of threads. If this is not used, then there will be only one thread (master thread) so other OpenMP directives will not work.
  • If you are not an expert, enclose your code with pragma omp parallel and OpenMP will distribute the work across multiple threads accordingly.
pragma omp parallel
{
   // this code snippet will 
   // run in parallel ...
}
  • On several occasion, this will create race condition within the code as OpenMP is not aware of the logic within the code. This may result in wrong output and slower execution. To fix this, use other OpenMP directives in addition to this like:
#pragma omp for
#pragma omp critical

In short, pragma omp parallel is the most basic way to parallelize a code. With this article at OpenGenus, you must have the complete idea of "pragma omp parallel".

Geoffrey Ziskovin

Geoffrey Ziskovin

Geoffrey Ziskovin is an American Software Developer and Author with an experience of over 30 years. He started his career with Haskell and has interviewed over 700 candidates for Fortune 500 companies

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#pragma omp parallel [explained with example]
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