Get this book -> Problems on Array: For Interviews and Competitive Programming

Reading time: 20 minutes | Coding time: 5 minutes

Sorting is a process of arranging elements in a group in a particular order, i.e., ascending order, descending order, alphabetic order, etc.

Sorting a list of elements is a very common operation. A sequential sorting algorithm may not be efficient enough when we have to sort a **huge volume of data**. Therefore, **parallel algorithms** are used in sorting.

Parallel Algorithm : A parallel algorithm is an algorithm that can execute several instructions simultaneously on different processing devices and then combine all the individual outputs to produce the final result.

**Odd Even Sort** uses parallel algorithm which is based on bubble sort technique.

It is also known as **Brick Sort**.

### Algorithm

- It compares two adjacent numbers and switches them, if the first number is greater than the second number to get an ascending order list.
- The opposite case applies for a descending order series.
- Odd-Even transposition sort operates in two phases âˆ’ odd phase and even phase.
- In both the phases, processes exchange numbers with their adjacent number in the right.

### Pseudo Code

```
procedure ODD-EVEN_PAR (n)
begin
id := process's label
for i := 1 to n do
begin
if i is odd and id is odd then
compare-exchange_min(id + 1);
else
compare-exchange_max(id - 1);
if i is even and id is even then
compare-exchange_min(id + 1);
else
compare-exchange_max(id - 1);
end for
end ODD-EVEN_PAR
```

### Example

```
Unsorted : 9 7 3 8 5 6 4 1
Phase 1 : 9 > 7 => Swap , 4 > 1 => Swap
Phase 2 : 9 > 3 => Swap , 8 > 5 => Swap , 6 > 1 => Swap
Phase 3 : 7 > 3 => Swap , 9 > 5 => Swap , 8 > 1 => Swap , 6 > 4 => Swap
Phase 4 : 7 > 5 => Swap , 9 > 1 => Swap , 8 > 4 => Swap
Phase 5 : 7 > 1 => Swap , 9 > 4 => Swap , 8 > 6 => Swap
Phase 6 : 5 > 1 => Swap , 7 > 4 => Swap , 9 > 6 => Swap
Phase 7 : 3 > 1 => Swap , 5 > 4 => Swap , 7 > 6 => Swap , 9 > 8 => Swap
Sorted : 1 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
```

### Implementation

- C++
- Python

### C++

```
// A C++ Program to implement Odd-Even / Brick Sort
#include<bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
// A function to sort the algorithm using Odd Even sort
void oddEvenSort(int arr[], int n)
{
bool isSorted = false; // Initially array is unsorted
while (!isSorted)
{
isSorted = true;
// Perform Bubble sort on odd indexed element
for (int i=1; i<=n-2; i=i+2)
{
if (arr[i] > arr[i+1])
{
swap(arr[i], arr[i+1]);
isSorted = false;
}
}
// Perform Bubble sort on even indexed element
for (int i=0; i<=n-2; i=i+2)
{
if (arr[i] > arr[i+1])
{
swap(arr[i], arr[i+1]);
isSorted = false;
}
}
}
return;
}
// A utility function ot print an array of size n
void printArray(int arr[], int n)
{
for (int i=0; i < n; i++)
cout << arr[i] << " ";
cout << "\n";
}
// Driver program to test above functions.
int main()
{
int arr[] = {9,7,3,8,5,6,4,1};
int n = sizeof(arr)/sizeof(arr[0]);
oddEvenSort(arr, n);
printArray(arr, n);
return (0);
}
```

### Python

```
# Python Program to implement
# Odd-Even / Brick Sort
def oddEvenSort(arr, n):
# Initially array is unsorted
isSorted = 0
while isSorted == 0:
isSorted = 1
temp = 0
for i in range(1, n-1, 2):
if arr[i] > arr[i+1]:
arr[i], arr[i+1] = arr[i+1], arr[i]
isSorted = 0
for i in range(0, n-1, 2):
if arr[i] > arr[i+1]:
arr[i], arr[i+1] = arr[i+1], arr[i]
isSorted = 0
return
arr = [9,7,3,8,5,6,4,1]
n = len(arr)
oddEvenSort(arr, n);
for i in range(0, n):
print(arr[i], end = ' ')
```

### Complexity

- Worst case time complexity:
**Î˜(n*n)** - Average case time complexity:
**Î˜(n*n)** - Best case time complexity:
**Î˜(n)** - Space complexity:
**Î˜(1)**